Self-employed in a secondary occupation is a great way to test a new idea while staying focused on your full-time job.
It is also how you can generate some revenue from a hobby, or even make ends meet.
More importantly, self-employed in a secondary occupation is a status: a self-employed in a secondary occupation already has another status, another occupation that guarantees his or her social rights.
We explain all about it.
You could be:
Otherwise, you are a full-time self-employed. As such, you acquire and maintain social coverage through his/her self-employed activity. A self-employed in a secondary occupation acquires social coverage through his/her main status, be it, employee, retired, unemployed, under the mutual insurance.
You do not acquire social coverage through your activity in secondary occupation.
Yet you have to pay social contributions, for solidarity purposes.
Social contributions for self-employed in a secondary occupation amount to 20,5% of their revenues. This is the same proportion as the one applied to full-time self-employed.
When starting, it is not easy to predict revenues with certainty: self-employed in a secondary occupation can opt for provisional, minimal, social contributions of 81,85€. It is the equivalent of a yearly revenue of 1531,99€.
If you assume that your yearly revenues will exceed that amount, adapt your social contributions immediately. This is how you avoid a (bad) surprise two years later, as the tax administration shares your actual revenues with your social insurance fund.
Alternatively, if your revenues are under 1531,99€ (2019), you would be reimbursed of your provisional social contributions.
Accountable helps you estimate the amount of social contributions you should pay: go to the “taxes” screen, “social contributions” part. Once you have answered a couple of questions, that part of the app will provide you with the exact amount of social contributions that you should pay every trimester to avoid a bad surprise in two years from now.
Belgian taxes increase in parallel with your salary level. The revenue from your secondary occupation comes on top of your salary.
It is likely that these additional revenues fall into a higher tax bracket and are taxed at the highest marginal rate. In order to avoid such an escalation, you should carefully capture your professional expenses.
Since 2018, all self-employed (natural persons) are allowed to opt for flat-rate professional expenses, instead of actual professional expenses.
With flat-rate professional expenses, you no longer think about your receipts.
You simply deduct 4810€ (revenues of 2019) of your earnings. On top of that, you can deduct your social contributions and material purchase.
It is up to you to determine what is most advantageous for you. Flat-rate professional expenses are mostly good for self-employed workers who have very limited professional expenses. With actual professional expenses, you impact directly your tax base. The risk of falling into a higher tax bracket is under your control.
If you do not include professional expenses, tax authorities will take into account by default flat-rate professional expenses.
No matter whether you are part or full-time self-employed, you have to complete specific steps before starting. You should register with the Crossroad Bank of Enterprises, pay for it (88.5€ in 2019). You also must register with a Social Security Fund. If you want one, you need to ask for a VAT number. We also recommend you to open a bank account specifically dedicated to your freelance activities. If you are a legal person, you are obliged to do so.
You can register as a self-employed within Accountable in a couple of swipes.
If you become a full-time self-employed, that new status applies from the first day of the quarter where the change took place.
E.g.: you leave your job as an employee on February 15th and become full-time self-employed then. You will be considered as a full-time self-employed from January 1st.
If you become self-employed in a secondary occupation, that new status applies from the first day of the quarter that follows the change in status.
E.g: From full-time self-employed worker, you become an employee and a self-employed in a secondary occupation on December 1, 2018. You will be considered as a self-employed as a secondary occupation from January 1, 2019. You will pay the social contributions of a full-time self-employed for the entire last quarter of 2018.
Whether you switch from part-time to full-time self-employed or the other way around, make sure to notify your Social Insurance Funds within 15 days.
If your yearly revenues are under 25 000€, you can opt for the VAT exemption scheme. You do not have to charge VAT to your clients, you do not have to submit a VAT return. On the other hand, you are not allowed to deduct VAT on your suppliers’ invoices.
If you answer “yes” to all three questions… we wish you a great time as a self-employed in a secondary occupation!